On Experimental Silk Screen Printmaking

Back in 2002 I was taking an advanced printmaking class at CSULB. There was a different method/technique to learn every one or two weeks. Students were expected to define their own approach and theme for each of them. For the silk-screen printmaking assignment, I chose to do a rather simple mask-and-template cutouts approach first. The beginning silk screen provides a multi-colored block print that is then further developed with additional mixed media or finer silk-screen applications on top of the first level print. Note that each color requires its own silk-screen application, including the drying time for each layer. Generally speaking, silk screens are a very effective way to make colorful compositions using just a few hues and colors. For my theme I chose to develop a figurative work based on Dante Aligheri, a 13th century Italian poet who became famous for this long poem, “Divine Comedy”, that describes his view of the 13 rings of the medieval reality stretching from heaven to earth to hell. In two weeks I had to make ten copies of my series of silk-screen prints and then modify each of them to create a set of ten finished silk-screen monoprints. This group of prints is like a theme and variation set of work with a common beginning design.

“Divine Comedy #2″, 24″ x 18”, Mixed Media Silk Screen on Rives BFK paper, Thom Wright 2002

My first image shown above is one of the ten mixed-media silk-screen prints of my “Divine Comedy” series from 2002. After I made the silk screen, I then used colored pencils and drawing ink to refine the central image of Dante. However, as a composition, I never felt that it was completed. The beginning silk screen layers are too separate and the standing-figure-in-an-alcove design was too static. Although I did complete the class assignment, I then put these prints in my file drawer for the next 18 years. Dante himself might have been disappointed.

“Divine Comedy #5″, 24″ x 18”, Mixed Media silk-screen print, Thom Wright, 2002 – 2020

After these 18 years of not deciding what to do with these silk-screen prints, I finally decided that I am a painter and that I could improve these prints with some gouache painting. For all of those not familiar with this medium, gouache paints are water-based opaque paint that goes back about 150 years. Most watercolor painters don’t like to used opaque paints, because they are not transparent unless the color is thinned down with lots of water. My second image shown above of the #5 silk-screen print includes both thick and thin gouache painted over parts of the original silk screen work. I chose a light valued blue-grey color, which includes white gouache to lighten the value, as well as added water to thin the paint and make it semi-transparent.

Comparing these two images, one can see that the blue-grey lines added over the reds, yellows, greens and the bare white paper really integrates the composition and adds its own painterly marks. I varied the density of the blue-greys in different areas to get a mixture of subtle variations. They cool down the bright yellows and the hot flat reds to add more variety of color to the silk screen print and to soften many of the hard-edged color shapes that did not come together. Also, there are variations in the blue-grey gouache in parallel brush strokes that add a variety of mark making and texture as well as cool color.

“Divine Commedia”, 24″ x 18″, Mixed media and silk screen inks on BFK paper, Thom Wright 2002 -2020

In my third image shown above I show another application of light blue-grey gouache to another one of the ten silk screens. I point out that there were some variations in each of the original ten silk screen prints. Again, I added a light blue-grey brush marks over many of the original colors, and gain a better integration of the composition. In this one I also added a light-warm pink gouache color to the central figure’s face and left arm, because the values and color were off. In the red alcove area above the figure, the light blue-greys are shifted with more blues in some of the marks to both reduce the flat broad red area and add more variation to the alcove. Note too that adding the blue-grey completes the color composition and makes it more pleasing to the eye.

For my Dante figure I found an old painting of him, done after he had passed away. But it gave me a model to work from. None of the ten images in the ten silk screens are really not the same, but that does not matter to a Modernist painter in the 21st century. I hope that those reading this blog are following my logic and argument that you can draw on the Western art tradition of painting, and even make references to the past, while making a contemporary work or art.

On Representational Figurative Painting

By Thom Wright 2020

A Western art tradition for over 500 years, representational figure painting continues to be taught and practiced today.  In my art education I spent about ten years taking classes to draw and paint the figure.  After doing undergrad required art courses part time for four years at Cal State U Long Beach in 2004, I was then accepted into the graduate art program, based on my figurative portfolio.  But in 2005 I had changed my direction to abstract painting, and all that figurative study and practice did help in making that change and better understand expressive painting.

“Linda Quilting at the Window”, 36” x 42”, Oil on canvas, Thom Wright  2002

In the painting shown above, my wife Linda posed for me in the morning light of the stained glass window that she had made.  Students in life painting classes usually paint family and friends as free volunteers who might like to have a painting.  The quality of the painting is not like Vermeer, but it does show expressive qualities of strong warm color light and patterning almost everywhere.  I personally prefer this brushy rendering more than photographic copying, and as with many figurative painters over that past 200 years, I have shifted away from competing with the camera, and in general am making more expressive paintings. Also note that the framing of the figure by the window adds a geometric order, and there is a symmetric rhythm of rectangular shapes in the window panes to counter all the curves in the figure.

“Seated Woman in the Studio”, 24” x 30”, Oil on canvas, Thom Wright  2002

In my second painting shown above, a work done in a three-hour class session at CSULB, I was fortunate to have a frontal view and lighted with a sky light above and two lamps left and right.  However, I first made a pencil sketch of the composition on the horizontal canvas to bring the figure forward and make the parts relate to the whole.  Again, notice how the arrangement of the palette tables and stacked canvas frames behind the figure provide a rhythmic movement of geometric shapes that contrast with the figure.  The lighting creates good volumetric forms on the figure as well as shadows her face, adding to the contemplative mood.  I changed the background drapery to greens to heighten the complementary green/red dominate colors.  Her lighted gray hair adds focus to her face and relates to her workout clothes in light and dark grays. The gestural brushmarks of paint add to the spontaneous feel and consistency of painting handling throughout the painting.  Even the tilting of the stretched canvases behind the figure echo her shoulders and provide a movement to the figure. Thus, this life painting shows my developing skills in composition and expressive painting style that I sought.

“Two Seated Figures”, acrylic on canvas, 18” x 24”, Thom Wright  2010

I continue to do occasional figurative works, as the painting shown above, made four years after my graduation and still searching for new directions.  It began with a fairly representational rendering of the two figures, then went in four different directions as the painting evolved into a painting with figures versus a painting about figures.  The male/female differences in body shapes and psychological mood gets reinforced by the opposing seated stances, by their dress and by the strong cast shadows behind them.  Note how the wall, seat and cushions, and floor have abstract patterns and a wide range of colors and values, all relating to and interacting with the figures and shadows.  She wears white shoes, and he is barefoot, but has a white line surrounding one foot that is sorta tied to her shoes.  His yellow-green aura surrounds his upper body, but is smaller, softer and only surrounds her head.  Thus, there are many relating parts and features throughout the painting while supporting and strengthening the narrative and the composition. 

On Mixed Media Collage Painting

By Thom Wright  2020

One of the many paths towards abstract painting begins with watercolor and paper collage.  In my first twenty years as a landscape watercolor painter, I had read about many other painters working this way, and I experimented with it as well.  The salient requirement here is to make the added pieces of paper fit in with the watercolor 2-D composition as well as read as distinct colored and/or textured paper shapes.  The amount of adding and blending the paper shapes with the painted shapes can take a beginning painting in many different directions and degrees of abstraction.  My preference has been towards a 50/50 balance, letting the paper shapes and painted shapes read as both representational and abstract patterning.

“Pierside Pavilion Excavation”, 18” x 24”, Watercolor and Collage on rag paper, Thom Wright 1989

My landscape watercolor/collage painting made in 1989 illustrates how this combination of collage and paint can merge into a consistent whole.  I began the watercolor at a building site in downtown Huntington Beach, with a view towards Pacific Coast Highway and the beach, and Main Street on the right side of the lot.  In this early stage of the development, the excavation was near completion, about three stories deep that would become underground parking for the future “Pierside Pavilion” building. Before I started painting, I had walked around the perimeter of the development site, and would find a lot of trash that I occasionally picked to use as possible collage papers.  To me they also functioned as cultural artifacts of this location in a major state of transformation.  In this exploratory approach towards semi-abstraction, I begin a pencil sketch on the paper, keeping in mind how the papers may work as collage. 

In the bottom section of the finished painting, there are a piece of a red cigarette package, and a Jack-in-the-Box wrapper. They suggest temporary contractor structures and boxes.  Along the left side and back side of the construction pit, there is a combination of vertical stripes of collage paper and painted stripes that portray the support girders of the dirt walls used in construction before the concrete walls are made. These collage papers are easily recognized as torn strips of candy wrappers and black asbestos paper.  In the orange horizontal across the top edge of the pit, there are additional paper receipt strips that are then transparently painted also to portray the fencing around the perimeter of the site. Thus, the painting is a rendering of the site as well as bits and pieces of the site itself.

“Lisbon Jazz Duet”, Watercolor & paper collage on rag paper, 2ea 16” x 12”, Thom Wright  2017

In my second watercolor and collage painting, shown above, the use of paper collage is more extensive.  I was on a family trip to Europe at the time, and in Lisbon, Portugal.  It was summer, very hot and bright during the day, but with sea breezes and cast shadows from city buildings.  The scene shows a jazz duet group playing at an outdoor restaurant, where we enjoyed both the dinner and the music. To integrate the locally found trash papers of Lisbon into the painting, the watercolor is boldly drawn with brush marks. There are pieces of the gold lining paper from a cigarette package surrounding the two musicians that represent the emanating sounds of music. It is apparent that the collage papers are shaped and added to the painting at the beginning, followed then by the watercolor brushmarks that fill in the figures and spaces.

“Sailing to Byzantium”, 14” x 14”, Mixed Media and collage on paper, Thom Wright  2020

In the third mixed media and collage painting shown above, and finished today, an open abstract began with earth map fragments that were gesso transferred to the gessoed paper. The second step was to paint the grey and green background area that carves out the remaining map fragments and begins to suggest islands, continents and sailing vessels with engine smoke pouring out from their smoke stacks, and all parts surrounded by a green ocean.  To further suggest it as a map, a grey crayon was used to draw isometric ocean-depth lines in the background.  Thus, there is an ambiguity of smoke patterns with continents and islands. 

At this point the painting was still rather drab and vague, so that the minute elements in the maps were not apparent and the positive/negative pieces were too distributed.  I decided to extend the range of color and to embellish the ships and continents with more pieces of colored collage papers.  In my colored papers inventory I found several pieces of brightly colored stripes, and cut sections of those into horizontal ship-hull shapes and vertical buildings.  These increased the color and presence of those ships and play into the reds and blues of the continents and islands.  Finally, I cut very small “flying flag” shapes of many colors, and glued those onto the continents and islands.

Knowing when to stop painting and collaging is another long learning trip, and at this point I decided that it was done.  It still has the global mapping presence and the added mysterious narrative of the smoking ships and flags.  The added bright collage pieces enhance the character and distinctive identity of the ships, yet has a foreboding suggestion of pollution generated by all of the shipping traffic. That led me to choose the title of a dark poem by the 19th/20th century Irish poet, W. B. Yeats, called “Sailing to Byzantium”.  He was both a Romantic and a Modernist Poet, whose central contention was that the Irish imagination was not in any way incomplete, and could provide a gateway to a fuller, richer form of human imagination that was lost as a consequence of modernization and the Industrial Revolution. Contemporary artists today can still find inspiration in his work.

On Figurative Painting

For years I studied the figure, in many life drawing classes especially. While I did learn proportion, I could not transfer that experience to painting the figure. Painting is different from drawing, where it’s brushes, not charcoal or pencil, and color versus greys. My better drawings tend to be expressionistic, and that’s the direction that now appeals to me. My goal is to reach a “resemblance” and a graphic composition with energy and meaning. The farther away from the photograph and realistic representation, the better.

“Seated Man”, 24″ x 30″, Acrylic on paper, Thom Wright, 1989 – 2016

My best painting class back in 1989 was Abstract Figurative Painting, taken at OCC. Not that it was easy, but that my instructor, Clark Walding, knew how to do it, and very effectively teach it. We all were in different directions, but his tips, discussions of contemporary American abstract figurative painters proved to be invaluable. In the “Seated Man” shown above, I have probably repainted it five times over the last 20 years. The figure has not changed much, but the chair and background and that strange “torch” on the left side kept changing, until it finally came together. All the parts play together, the space is defined by the figure, yet it stands as a structured grouping of rhythms and relationships. Keeping parts of the black background and mixing in the blue shapes came as a way to make those parts play together with the seated figure. Letting color happen too adds to the relationships and the aura of the man with the broken arm.

“On Stage”, 22″ x 29″, Acrylic on Arches rag paper, Thom Wright, 1989

Another of my paintings from this class shown above went through two more re-paintings, with the female figure kept intact. A simple division with changes and similarities of color and mark making, add up to another story of “the whole determines the relationship of the parts”, to quote Wassily Kandinsky speaking about abstract art. The two performers/dancers share the stage, immersed in the lower shapes and the red/green complementary colors. Even the bordering edges play as part of the whole. The values in the colors in the figures do not relate to lighting or direction, but to the play of colors and marks.

“Self-Portrait with Guitar”, 28″ x 22″, Acrylic on canvas, Thom Wright, 2015

When painting the figure, always start with, and return to the self-portrait, artists have said. It is well recognized material and no modelling cost. In my self-portrait done in 2015, I wanted to capture my love of jazz guitar. I still continue to practice and try to play occasionally. At this time I was in to Cubist paintings, and I did a few still-life with guitar pieces. So it borrows its composition from those earlier works, having a still life setting on a table with tablecloth and chair. The parts kept growing as I went, adding the extra guitar necks, hands and arms to emphasize the movement and the syncopated rhythms. And as I have done in many other paintings and monotypes, I added the outer wavy circles taken from nasturtium leaves that seem to creep into my work. Here they signify the emanating jazz visually.

What really brought this painting together was in the repetition of black shapes in the center. They move from the table base to the table top to the guitar sound hole to my black and grey shirt, and finally to the black guitar necks. Who knew that a bouquet pattern could make a self-portrait?

Laughing Matters

About 20 years ago when I was president of our local art group, “Southern California Artists, Inc.”, I could not find another member willing to take over my previous year’s position as editor of our monthly “SCA News Letter”. So I gave it a try for another year, but sometimes came up short on content. Here’s one of my postings on the humorous side about art one-liners, including some of my own: (TJW)

ART QUOTES AND MISQUOTES

Art, taken in moderation, cannot hurt anybody.  (Mark Twain)

Dying is easy.  Art is difficult.  (Actor Edmond Gwenn on his deathbed.)

To create good art is no big deal.  (Red Foxx)

Until art arrived, this was a man’s world.  (Richard Armour)

Art is more fun than fun.  (Noel Coward)

Some people say you can’t make art, but sometimes it doesn’t always work.  (Casey Stengel)

Bad art is cheap, because supply exceeds demand.  Good art is dear, because an art agent priced it.  (TJW)

Everything in art is in a state of flux, including the status quo. (RB)

After sex, art is the biggest nothing of all time.  (Andy Warhol)

The future of art isn’t what it used to be.  (TJW)

If in painting, less is more, is no painting perfect?  (TJW)

If asked to choose between art and sex, is there a dilemma?  (TJW)

Artists should be heavily taxed.  It is not fair that some people should be happier than others.  (Oscar Wilde)

If you think real art is expensive, call me.  (TJW)

Good art is one-fourth preparation and three-fourths theater.  (Gail Godwin)

Whoever said money can’t by art didn’t know the URL’s.  (TJW)

Art galleries are getting so crowded nobody goes there anymore.  (Yogi Berra)

Ideally, art is what you make it.  (TJW)

There’s so much art in the world today that if it weren’t for art museums there’d be no place to put it all.  (Robert Orben)

There’s nothing wrong with being an artist that reincarnation won’t cure.  (Ed Sullivan)

Artists rarely have time to eat well, and that is why they prefer Hostess fruit pies to pop-up toaster tarts.  (Carrie Snow)

Show me a bad artist and I’ll show you bad art.  (TJW)

The only good artist is a dead artist.  (Patrick O’Connor)

Art is obliged to stick with possibilities.  Truth isn’t.  (Mark Twain)

In the art business, you either make art or you don’t make it.  (TJW)

To be an artist takes long years of training and the willingness to forget it all.  (TJW)

Make a little art each month and at the end of the year you’ll be surprised at how little you have.  (Ernest Haskins)

A painting is never finished, only abandoned.  (Paul Valery)

It has been my experience that artists that have no vices have very few virtues.  (Abraham Lincoln)

Having an Irish coffee in an art gallery provides all that life has to offer: alcohol, caffine, sugar, fat, and art.  (Alex Levine)

Statistics show that of those who contract the habit of painting, very few survive.   (Wallace Irwin)

You are where you paint.  (TJW)

My doctor gave me two weeks off to paint.  I hope they’re in August.  (Michael Phelps, M. D.)

Jesus was a creative artist, but only on his father’s side.  (Archie Bunker)

Art is useless.  It can only give you questions.  (Pablo Picasso)

Artists start every day with a smile, and get it over with.  (W. C. Fields)

He was the world’s only armless painter.  He let his hair grow long and his wife dipped his head in paint buckets.  (Fred Allen)

If art looks good and the price is right, it doesn’t need to have a purpose.  (TJW)

My taste in art is whatever I’ve painted last.  (TJW)

Most of my paintings are mysteries, usually unsolved. (TJW)

Everything has been figured out except how to paint.  (Jean-Paul Sarte)

If my paintings make one more person feel miserable, I’ll feel I’ve done my job.  (Woody Allen)

Art is in the eye of the artist.  (TJW)

To make original art, you simply copy great art the wrong way.  (TJW)

There is no pleasure in having nothing to paint.  The real pleasure is having lots to paint and not doing it.  (John Raper)

Anyone can sell a painting, unless there happens to be a second entry.  (George Ade)

If you haven’t got anything to paint, you might make art.  (TJW)

On Experimental Drawing

By Thom Wright June 25, 2020

So much has been written about drawing – as an art form in itself, as an art practice to improve painting, and as a way to stimulate artistic creativity.  In experimental drawing even these aspects are limiting, where it can become a mixture and hybrid incorporating multiple media in an exploratory fashion.  Generally speaking, it still remains a 2-D graphic work of art that is concerned with the design elements of space, shape, color, line, tone, texture and material.  Once one starts on a personal direction, then it quickly becomes original and creative.

In my approach to experimental drawing, I “draw” upon my past experiences and trials in new approaches, including my first twenty years as a watercolor painter.  Like most other artists, early on I took classes in 2D and 3D design, watercolor painting, experimental watercolor.  Visits to modern art museums always inspired me to pursue my new discoveries.  Being left-handed, my handwriting was bad, and my drawing skills were slow to develop.  As a result, I tended towards abstraction and gestural expression, even in my representational painting. 

To illustrate some of my recent work, I will present images of three mixed media drawings that began in an experimental drawing class taken in 2009 at Coastline Community College, and discuss some of my processes and directions to complete them.

“Garden Grid #2”, 18” x 24”, Mixed Media on 90 lb. smooth bond paper,
Thom Wright, 2009 – 2020

In this first piece shown above, I began it with a graphite stick rubbing on the paper that was positioned in various places on a large plastic milk carton. I was attracted to the combination of ovals and geometric lines that made the external ribbing of the sides of the carton.  The light weight paper provides enough give to make only these structural lines and ovals to be drawn with the 4B graphite stick. Just replicating the milk carton design is too repetitive and static. I already had a vague design idea where I kept the central area of the paper empty.

Next, I added pencil grey tones and colors to some of the oval rectangular shapes using Prismacolor pencils and drawing left-handed cross-hatching. Before going too far with the pencils, I then selected torn color papers and glued them into locations in what became a mosaic grid design.  For many years I have kept all kinds of special art papers on hand to do collage.  There are handmade Japanese prints and colored papers, translucent colored papers from India, and even selected colors from various magazine pages. In addition, I really like the white US postal express envelopes with some red and blue lettering.  By carefully slicing the edge of these envelopes, they can be torn into two to three layers of translucent white.  It does take patience, but usually they rip apart into many organic shapes and show the striated fibers within the paper.

In the empty central area I had saved for a large translucent black-paper square and oriented it at a 45 degree diagonal to repeat that angle that occurred from the milk carton ribbing.  In addition, I had saved a similar sized area of white paper of about the same square shape and 45 degree orientation as the large black square.  These two large shapes together form the beginning of the movement of the smaller colored squares.  Thus, the design idea takes shape and becomes its own composition in combination with the drawn lines and turning forms.

“Garden Grid #1”, 18” x 24”, Mixed Media on 90 lb. bond paper,
Thom Wright, 2009 – 2020

In my second work shown above, the same techniques used in the first piece are repeated, but with variations.  The saved white central area is mostly visible, but here contains several movements.  One group is just a pencil rubbing and another is a darker, charcoal rubbing from the milk carton. Next, another group of squares is made with collaged color squares, and almost all organized at 45 degree diagonals.  The whole composition emphasizes diagonal movements.  The dominant color is green, both in drawn and colored areas as well as in the different green papers. By keeping most of the shapes in greens, the quite small additions of darks, reds, blues and paper-bag browns holds it all together and makes it bounce.  Just as in a spring garden, full of greens that set up the striking blues and reds of the flowers, this composition relates the parts to the whole and the movements and rhythms among the parts.

“Dragonfly Garden”, 18” x 24”, Mixed Media on 90 lb. bond paper,
Thom Wright, 2009 – 2020

In my third experimental drawing shown above, a different design space is used, having mostly the open white paper space below, and an upper horizontal pattern of octagonal pencil rubbings, taken from a plastic strip having these raised shapes.  Next, I did pencil rubbings of a dragonfly taken from several porcelain tiles that are in my tiled shower walls.  My design concept suggests dragonflies emerging from a honeycomb of octangonal cells.  I further developed the dragonfly shapes using pencil and charcoal markings.  However, there was too much white paper, empty space and random positioning of the dragonflies in it, altogether feeling incomplete and needing more structure.  Accordingly, and eleven years later after I looked at it again, I did two more pencil rubbings, one placing small circular arcs from the top of a tin can in front of the dragonflies, and two, a broken rubbing from a man-hole cover in the street of concentric circles of squares.  These two rubbings pushed the grey markings with more density, but also added complexity.  I liked the circular arcs, because they reinforce the spreading direction of the dragonflies.  From there, I shifted to collaging colored paper shapes as added wings of the dragonflies, and small bits of greens and blues into the octangonal honeycomb shapes at the top.

Adding the variety of colors to the dragonfly wings makes a big difference in emphasizing the emanating pattern of the composition.  Humans tend to see color first before light/dark values.  Both the variety of colored wing shapes and the variety of mostly cool colors, these bits of paper help to make color and shape movements within the bouquet of the grouping. 

One last addition began as I was searching my bag of colored papers for something else to fit in and be different.  I found a small, elegantly made paper of light fibers and preserved, small brown leaves.  I cut them out and moved them around the drawing, until they found places near the top at the mouth of the honeycomb.  Yes, they worked there, but now added maybe too much brown, I thought.  So, using torn pieces of a light-brown paper sack, I first did a pencil rubbing on them of parallel lines, taken from a piece of corrugated cardboard. Finally, I added these two large paper wing shapes at the middle-right edge of the drawing.  Now I had more browns for balance and also added a new large scale of a suggested half of a dragonfly on the right.  And there I stopped, because knowing when to stop before going too far is always the better choice, yet it’s always relative to the whole.

From these three experimental drawings, it is important to draw some conclusions about them.  For sure, an experimental drawing is quite unique and different from other 2D drawings and paintings.  Also, seeing the actual work has more impact than looking at their images on a computer screen.  Of course I did include some of the matting and framing in the image to assert their graphic and harmonious contribution, but there is still the intimacy and fragility of seeing the real drawing up close.  And lastly, I am pleased that I showed patience and care in evolving each work to an integrated whole, eleven years later.    

For followers and newcomers to my art website, I invite you to comment and respond to this posting.

Thom

Drawing in the Age of the Corona-Virus

A big part of every painter’s studies involves drawing on paper, lots of it. Ideas begin as a drawing evolves and generates additions, modifications and erasures, seeing the whole and the parts. And during this stay-in time of the corona-virus, we have had plenty of time on our hands to draw. A few days ago, as I was reviewing my saved and uncompleted drawings on paper made over the past ten years, I saw this life drawing that I began in an experimental drawing class in 2010. It was unfinished, but a good start.

“RLM MyLM”, Charcoal, ink and watercolor on paper, 24″ x 18″, Thom Wright, 2010 – 2020

Shown above, I first continued the drawing by strengthening the charcoal lines, then added a light-valued ink wash, followed by some blue washes to increase the 3D modeling on the figures and the background. On the two mailing labels that were already there, I added text, “RLM” on the robot figure and “MyLM” on the male figure on the right, with these new symbols referring obliquely to the present rise of the “Black Lives Matter” movement and BLM political protests against police brutality and particularly to their recent shootings of Black Americans. Applying this language here, the RLM stands for “Robot Lives Matter”, and “MyLM” stands for “My Life Matters”. This drawing addresses this coming future crisis when a large percentage of human jobs are replaced by robot jobs. This is an issue of global magnitude and about what may happen to the economic value of human life versus the benefits of smart robots. Just as in today’s corona-virus crisis, the US economy suddenly closed down, and the unemployment rate sank from about 4% to today’s 16%, how do that many unemployed people cope with life for what may last for an economic recovery that takes years.

When I began this drawing, I remembered my direction at the time concerned the political/social issue of the coming age of robots, when machines will do most of the physical labor and who knows how much of the mental labor. Technology is driving our future towards an unknown period of dramatic change in our culture, and there are political and ethical issues of displacing a large fraction of working people with more efficient machines. And what do we do then? Even working artists may be replaced. Even the current stay-in period presents similar challenges and is creating social, cultural and political changes.

Concurrently with the BLM movement today, there are the corona-virus threat and its social and economic upheaval, our current political dichotomy and its approaching national 2020 elections in the fall. In addition, the ongoing and growing threat of climate change continues unabated, which many believe is the greatest threat to mankind, and it has influenced much of my art making.

Thom Wright with a recent drawing and its art statement on his front yard billboard

One of my personal approaches to dealing with these issues is shown in the photo above. For the past four weeks I have presented my art during this corona-virus period at my sidewalk and street, changing the work each day, to show neighbors, friends and passersby that art is happening here, and in particular my kind of art and what is important to me. I first read about other artists doing this, and how their local communities responded positively and with appreciation and some art sales. Here and now on this new art website, I am also presenting my art that concerns contemporary issues to broaden this dialogue, especially about climate change, that as Senator Bernie Sanders describes it, “the greatest existential threat facing mankind today”. I do not intend to provoke argument, but believe it is important to relate my art making and its influences. I also believe that good art relates to its time as well as deals with aesthetic values.

Early Forest Warning Paintings

I began my “Forest Warning” series in 2018, and started as usual with some small studies. At that time, a rather new painting approach was becoming “popular” on the web, called “paint pouring”. The major characteristic of this approach has to do with its completely unpredictable outcome, because of the rather free of hand pouring method that seemingly mixes and separates color layers that are sequentially added in the pour. At the beginning, most results are chancy or quasi-successful, but for a trained artist, it is not rewarding to accomplish a painting by chance. Thus, I continued with a few more pours, but then added an experimental touch with a brush.

poured paint and hybrid poured paint processes
“Earth Tree Ballad #1″, 16″ x 16”, Acrylic on panel, Thom Wright, 2018

As shown in my small hybrid of poured paint above, I wanted a tree design with a compliant medium of viscous paint with the panel ground showing also. At the bottom, I added several pieces of masking tape to save two horizontal unpainted lines. My choices of colors was kept simple, with red, white, and two shades of blue. There is very little control of the process, but I stopped the “pour” early, and made selective gestural shapes that suggest a tree. At the bottom, I included a black pouring, but in the upper tree section, I switched to a large round brush and dipped it in a thinned black paint, and painted into the poured red, white and blue area. As my additions of black took shape, I noticed too that I could manipulate the gestures of the existing colors as well. By stopping early in this brushing process, the whole of the poured paint still has an integrity of shape and playful swirling lines.

“Earth Tree Ballad #2″, 16″ x 16”, Acrylic paint on panel, Thom Wright, 2018

In my second attempt at this hybrid process as shown above, I did a more complex mixed and poured and stirred painting to begin it, then added the black lines at the end. Again, I think that this hybrid process combines the rich organic mixing of flowing paint with the suggestion of the drawn tree.

In my third and fourth tries at larger pieces and more complex color schemes, I met with failures. Having experienced the process, I came to the conclusion that my own gestural painting process is almost as rich, is better composed in both color schemes and in mark making, and leads to an integrated whole design. Thus, I abandoned the poured paint process and returned to my education and personal experience to pursue painting with meaning.

An Student Artist’s Global Warming Research Project

By Thom Wright   (2005 – 2020)

Summary

Thom Wright, as a graduate art student at Cal State University Long Beach in 2005, investigated a potential solution to Global Warming (now Climate Change), which is caused by increasing levels of green-house gases in the atmosphere due to human activity. While taking an art course in Intermedia Art, he researched one of the possible remedies that considers ways to reflect more sunlight from urban areas.  He documents his findings in a student art show at the school art gallery in 2006, and in 2020 he submits his findings to the Trump Administration for recommended implementation to begin a test program in always sunny Palm Springs, CA.

Early Research

            In 2005 when Wright was researching Global Warming at the CSULB Library, he came across a newspaper article published in the New York Times concerning NASA research on Global Warming.  One of the NASA projects noted that urban development generally increased the absorption of sunlight and raised urban temperatures about +5F versus natural areas, because of the structure rooftops and paved roads that are grey to dark grey in color.  They proposed that if all the cities of the world would paint dark rooftops with white paint, that it would reflect enough sunlight to completely remove the effects of global warming due to green-house gases in the atmosphere.

            Figure 1  Global average temperature versus time to the year 2000    

This proposal seemed to be a rather easy solution to the future threat of Global Warming, and Wright came up with an idea to expand this solution by painting all the black asphalt streets in the world white also.  This idea led him to investigate the actual aborption level of sunlight by rooftops and asphalt streets.  In order to estimate the percentage of absorption of sunlight with the changing angle of sunlight during the day, he decided to build a new instrument called a solar diffuse reflectometer, and make these measurements himself, using different street materials and paints.  Figure 2 shows his first instrument as it is being used to test black asphalt and white-painted asphalt.

Figure 2  The diffuse absorption reflectometer being used in an actual materials test setup using fresh asphalt and white-painted asphalt.

            Wright also did experiments on roofing materials, because most colors of materials are a lighter shade of grey or brown.  He started with the shingles on his own house that were a light grey color, as shown in Figure 3.  Note that at this time he began wearing on his hat, white plastic coffee cup lids from Starbucks, with the letters “SGW”, indicating “Stop Global Warming”.  He is shown applying a piece of aluminum foil on his roof top to make comparative measurements of the foil absorption versus the rooftop absorption.  He found that as expected, the roofing shingles were about 50% more absorptive than the foil at most sun angles.

Figure 3  Wright making sunlight absorption measurements on his roof in 2005.

Wright next turned to his own street (Erwin Lane in Huntington Beach, CA) to test the levels of absorption during daylight hours.  Figure 4 shows a patch of fresh asphalt applied to his own street that will compare solar reflection levels of new black asphalt versus older asphalt.  Figure 5 shows Wright making a preliminary assessment of the street asphalt electrical properties.

Figure 4  SGW test patch on Erwin Lane

Wright noticed that there was some white paint lettering on his street (shown in Figure 5), and by comparing the bare asphalt with the white painted asphalt, a higher level of solar reflection was substantiated.  These encouraging results led him to consider the effect of the whole street being painted white.  He also began wearing white coffee cup lids on his hat to dramatize his plan to do something about Global Warming.

Figure 5 Wright making electrical properties measurements on his asphalt paved street.

In a calibration test of his instrument, Wright measures the electrical and sunlight absorption properties of the Starbucks white plastic coffee cup lid, as shown in Figure 6. It is found to be an excellent reflector.

Figure 6  Wright making electrical measurements on a white coffee cup lid to calibrate his instrument.

The following week, Wright, with his wife Linda, went to Palm Springs to make additional measurements in a desert community with lots of sunshine.  Figure 7 shows one of his experiments on a major boulevard in Palm Springs, where his wife Linda has painted a section of the street with white paint to determine the darkening time for a busy street.

Figure 7 In Palm Springs at a major intersection, Mrs. Wright paints the black asphalt white.

To extrapolate his findings to the street conditions found in Palm Springs, Wright first photographed a major street intersection in Palm Springs with its normal daytime lighting as shown in Figure 8.

Figure 8 Normal daytime view of an intersection in Palm Springs

Next, working with the Maintenance Department of Palm Springs, Wright paints this intersection with a reversed pattern of white painted asphalt and with unpainted asphalt stripes indicating the crosswalk area.  The simulated result is shown in Figure 9.

Figure 9 Later image of Palm Springs street intersection with white paint applied.

Conclusions

Although Wright’s experiments and simulations indicated promising results that could make substantial reductions in the effects of Global Warming, there were several drawbacks that emerged from the simulations for the entire city of Palm Springs.  First, there is a potential concern about solar reflection off the white painted streets at sunrise and sunset.  The streets of Palm Springs are mostly north/south and east/west oriented, so that near the summer solstice sunrise and sunset periods, the solar reflection off of the white-painted East/West streets would have almost 100% reflection.  Drivers facing the sun at those times would experience complete whiteout of their view of the street. However, if they all wore polarized sunglasses, this effect would be reduced by 50%.  Still, it was deemed insufficient in allowing visibility of traffic and possible pedestrians crossing the street, especially if the drivers were intoxicated at the time.  Although this whiteout condition occurs only a few days of the year and lasts only a few hours, it does happen during rush hour.  Attempts to mitigate this effect or to legislate “solar whiteout” holidays did not appear to be likely solutions.  In addition, the white painting of rooftops was also brought into question, because there would be a wider range of occurrence of whiteout conditions and times of occurrence on all of the city streets with houses with varying roof angles and house facing angle. 

            These findings did prove useful in exposing the limits and dangers of this potential solution to climate change.  Wright presented a report of his findings at a student art show at CSULB, as shown in Figure 10.  And he received an “A” grade in his Intermedia course. It should also be noted that this research was paid for with his own funds. He thanks the city of Palm Springs for supporting this work.

Figure 10 Wright’s art display at CSULB in 2006 of his solar diffuse reflectometer results for white-painted asphalt streets as a potential solution to Global Warming

Deciding to Frame a Painting or Not

An important aspect in the decision of buying a painting concerns whether to frame a painting or not. For Abstract paintings, especially large paintings, the trend towards unframed work grows, even in art galleries and museums. At your home it is a personal choice, and to address this for my art, this posting addresses.

“Dance #1″, 20″ x 20”, Acrylic and ink on canvas, Thom Wright, 2020

Shown above is one of my latest paintings from a new series entitled “Dance #1”, a small work and shown as usual without a frame. Because it is light valued overall, it stands out well without a frame, especially if presented on a toned color wall. In comparison with my present works shown on my website, it has my abstract expressionist elements, where the figures interact with each other and with the “stage” space of the performance. The figures are both dancing and floating, with personal body gestures.

Thom Wright with his framed painting mounted on a light blue wall

Shown here is the same painting, this time with one of my handmade wooden frames with an Early American brown colored stain. I make my own frames and sell most of them this way, because the simplicity and modernity of this frame and its color reinforce the square format and bring out the color and light of the painting. Not all of my paintings are this light, but I tend to favor warm toned paintings and they work well with the wood frame. The frame itself is as light as the canvas with its wooden stretcher bars. And because I make the frame, there is no after purchase investment in a frame required. For most of my art shown here, I include the frame and the shipping in the stated price.

If you have any further questions about this matter, any other questions about purchasing one of my works, use my “Contact the Artist” page and include your email address. Thom

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